Pyrolysis Reactor

Pyrolysis reactor is the key equipment for pyrolysis. Beston has different pyrolysis reactor designs to choose from, including skid-mounted design, rotary and fixed (horizontal) designs. They are commonly used to convert old tires, plastic, rubber, oil sludge into liquid oil. But the reactor design will influence the distribution of raw materials, product yield, etc. Each one differs from the others. Below are more features for your reference. Welcome to contact Beston for a custom proposal.

Beston Pyrolysis Reactor Design

Beston has 5 models of pyrolysis machines for sale, which employ skid-mounted (moveable base), rotary, and fixed (horizontal) pyrolysis reactors. The reactor is used to loading raw materials, which is heated to produce oil gas. Beston pyrolysis reactor material is mainly made of Q245R boiler steel, which is 16 mm in thickness, which makes the reactor durable to use. More than that, we adopt advanced technology, like automatic welding, ultrasonic flaw detection, to make sure its safety. Below are more details for your reference.

Skid-Mounted Pyrolysis Reactor

Skid-mounted Pyrolysis Reactor
Skid-mounted Pyrolysis Reactor

Features: 1. Movable base make it move easily.
2. It is a mini-scale design, which is affordable to invest in.
3. Convenient to install and transport.

Model BLJ-3
Feeding Capacity 1-3 T/batch (plastic≤0.5t, tire ≤2t, oil sludge ≤3t)
Reactor Size Φ1400*5000*16 mm
Floor Area L1,1000*W2,200*H2,400 mm
Reactor Design Skid-mounted Working Method Batch
Base Style Movable Total Power 15 kW
Raw Materials Waste Tyre, Plastic, Rubber, Oil Sludge, Medical Waste, etc.
Fuel Coal, Wood, Fuel Oil, Natural Gas, LPG, etc.
Service Life 3-5Years

Rotary Pyrolysis Reactor

Features: 1. The pyrolysis reactor is rotating during working, which makes sure the raw materials can be heated evenly. Also, it can prolong the service life of the reactor.
2. The feeding inlet can be customized according to the materials you process.

Rotary Pyrolysis Reactor
Rotary Pyrolysis Reactor
Model BLJ-6 BLJ-10 BLJ-16
Daily Capacity 6T 10T 15-20T
Working Method Batch BLJ-10 Semi-Continuous
Raw Materials Waste Plastic, Tyre, Rubber, Oil Sludge
Reactor Size D2.2*L6.0m D2.6*L6.6m D2.8*L7.1m
Pattern Rotary
Heating Materials Coal, Wood, Fuel Oil, Natural Gas, LPG, etc.
Total Power 24 kW/h 30k W/h 54 kW/h
Floor Area (L*W*H) 20*10*10m 25*15*10m 25*15*10m
Cooling Method Water Cooling
Service Life 5-8 Years

Fixed (Horizontal) Pyrolysis Reactor

Horizontal pyrolysis reactor is commonly used in the continuous plant. With a screw feeder, the raw material keeps moving forward and absorbs heat for pyrolysis, and then produces oil and gas. Also, it uses U-shaped tubes inside to speed up the pyrolysis process.

Continuous Pyrolysis Reactor
Fixed Pyrolysis Reactor

Features: 1. Continuous working, large capacity.
2. Indirect heating. U-shaped tube design inside to heat up the materials quickly.
3. Modular design makes it easy to transport, install and replace.

Model BLL-20
Daily Capacity 20-24T
Working Method Fully Continuous
Raw Materials Waste Plastic, Tyre, Rubber, Oil Sludge
Reactor Size D1.4*L11m
Reactor Pattern Horizontal
Heating Materials Coal, Wood, Fuel oil, Natural gas, LPG, etc.
Total Power 71.4kw/h
Floor Area 45*25*10m (L*W*H)
Cooling Method Water Cooling
Service Life 5-8 Years

Main Components

1. Lower drive  2. Upper drive device  3. Upper helix  4. Drive rack  5. Lower spirals  6. Buffer room   7. Hot air outlet   8. Oil and gas exports  9. Lower heat exchanger  10. Top heat exchanger  11. Continuous pyrolysis framework

It also contains a pressure gauge, a remote thermometer, and a slag tapping hole on the right side.

Out of the heat exchanger, there is an external insulation layer and casing. While for rotary design, there is an external insulation layer and casing out of the reactor to keep the heat.

Continuous Pyrolysis Reactor
Main Components

How to Build a Pyrolysis Reactor?

Beston Machinery offers installation services. Also, we will provide you with a custom layout design once we get your order. So you can build the foundation when we prepare your machines. Once you receive the machine and get the basic construction works ready, we will send our engineers on site for your installation. During the COVID-19, we also offer an online installation service.

Installation Service
Installation Service

How to Choose A Suitable Pyrolysis Reactor?

As mentioned, the reactor will influence the distribution of raw materials and the working method. Below are the differences between rotary and fixed reactors.

Reactor Types Rotary Reactor Fixed Reactor
Feeding Method Manually (whole tyres ) or Automatic (shredded tires) Automatic (shredded tires)
Foundation Required No need
Working Method Batch / Semi-continuous Continuous
Feeding Capacity 1-15 ton/batch 20-24 ton
Heating Method Direct heating Indirect heating

Generally, the rotary reactor is commonly used in batch plants. The raw materials can be fed manually and then heat the reactor for pyrolysis. You can feed in the whole tyres or shredded tires. The latter one can improve the pyrolysis efficiency and the actual feeding capacity. Then it needs 8-10 hours to cool down for another batch. While the fixed one is continuous, which is often equipped with an automatic feeding system and discharging system. So you can discharge while feeding. But it requires that the raw materials are smaller than 20 mm in size and with less than 15% water content. It means you need more auxiliary equipment, which will increase your investment cost. Below is a pyrolysis machine video for your reference.

Beston Tips

Different pyrolysis reactor types have their features. What you need is to buy from reliable pyrolysis reactor manufacturers. Then choose a suitable one according to your own conditions. So before choosing a reactor, please ask yourself the questions below:

  1. What raw materials will you process?
  2. How many tons will you process per day?
  3. How much will you spend on this project?
  4. Is it expensive to hire a worker in your place?
  5. How large the available space do you have?
  6. Your local environmental protection policy.

You can also contact Beston Machinery for help directly. We have a professional team to help you to get an ideal pyrolysis reactor.

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