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Pyrolysis Reactor

Pyrolysis reactor is the key equipment for pyrolysis. Beston has different pyrolysis reactor designs to choose from, including skid-mounted design, rotary and fixed (horizontal) designs. They are commonly used to convert old tires, plastic, rubber, oil sludge into liquid oil. But the reactor design will influence the distribution of raw materials, product yield, etc. Each one differs from the others. Below are more features for your reference. Welcome to contact Beston for a custom proposal.

Beston Pyrolysis Reactor Design

Beston has 5 models of pyrolysis machines for sale, which employ skid-mounted (moveable base), rotary, and fixed (horizontal) pyrolysis reactors. The reactor is used to loading raw materials, which is heated to produce oil gas. Beston pyrolysis reactor material is mainly made of Q245R boiler steel, which is 16 mm in thickness, which makes the reactor durable to use. More than that, we adopt advanced technology, like automatic welding, ultrasonic flaw detection, to make sure its safety. Below are more details for your reference.

Skid-Mounted Pyrolysis Reactor

Features: 1. Movable base make it move easily. 2. It is a mini-scale design, which is affordable to invest in. 3. Convenient to install and transport.

Skid-Mounted Pyrolysis Reactor
Skid-Mounted Pyrolysis Reactor

ModelBLJ-3
Capacity1-3t/d
Working ProcessBatch
Reactor Sizeφ1400*4900mm
Reactor MaterialQ245R
Drive System350 reducer+4kw drive motor
Land (L*W*H)18m*4.2m*6m
Power16.65kw
Burner2*200,000 kcal
Total Weight of Shipped MaterialsAbout 18t
Number of Containers1*40HQ
Noise (dB)≤60
Heating MaterialsFuel oil (including tyre/plastic pyrolysis oil), natural gas, LPG, diesel, etc.
Condensing SystemVertical Condenserφ426*3000
Single piece condensing area
7.58m2
3-in-1 Condenser3000*2200*2250
Condensing area
17.51m2

Rotary Pyrolysis Reactor

Features: 1. The pyrolysis reactor is rotating during working, which makes sure the raw materials can be heated evenly. Also, it can prolong the service life of the reactor.
2. The feeding inlet can be customized according to the materials you process.

Rotary Pyrolysis Reactor
Rotary Pyrolysis Reactor

ModelBLJ-3BLJ-6BLJ-10BLL-16BLL-30
Capacity1-3t/d4-6t/d8-10t/d12-16t/d30-35t/d
Working ProcessBatchBatchBatchSemi-continuousFully continuous
Reactor Sizeφ1400*4900mmφ2200*6000mmφ2600*6600mmφ2800*7100mmφ1800*18500mm
Reactor MaterialQ245RQ245RQ245RQ245R310S stainless steel
Drive System350 reducer+4kw drive motor400 reducer+5.5kw drive motor400 reducer+5.5kw drive motor500 reducer+7.5kw drive motorZQH650-50 reducer+15kw frequency conversion motor
Land (L*W*H)18m*4.2m*6m30m*12m*8m30m*13m*8m33m*13m*8m70m*20m*10m
Power16.65kw37.85kw44.3kw55.6kw256kw
Burner2*200,000 kcal2*300,000 kcal2*300,000 kcal2*400,000 kcal2.5 million kcal per set
Total Weight of Shipped MaterialsAbout 18tAbout 24.5tAbout 28tAbout 34.5tAbout 150t
Number of Containers1*40HQ1*40FR+1*40HQ+1*20 GP1*40FR+2*40HQ1*40FR+2*40HQ25m*8m bulk cargo+8*40HQ
Noise (dB)≤60≤60≤60≤60≤60
Heating MaterialsFuel oil (including tyre/plastic pyrolysis oil), natural gas, LPG, diesel, etc.
Condensing SystemVertical Condenserφ426*3000
Single piece condensing area
7.58m2
φ630*3600
Single piece condensing area
17.8m2
φ630*3600
Single piece condensing area
17.8m2
φ820*3600
Single piece condensing area
35.6m2
φ920*3200
2 sets of vertical condenser
3-in-1 Condenser3000*2200*2250
Condensing area
17.51m2
5800*2260*2500
Condensing area
35.85m2
5800*2260*2500
Condensing area
35.85m2
8000*2260*2500
Condensing area
49.5m2

Fixed (Horizontal) Pyrolysis Reactor

Horizontal pyrolysis reactor is commonly used in the continuous plant. With a screw feeder, the raw material keeps moving forward and absorbs heat for pyrolysis, and then produces oil and gas. Also, it uses U-shaped tubes inside to speed up the pyrolysis process.

Features: 1. Continuous working, large capacity. 2. Indirect heating. U-shaped tube design inside to heat up the materials quickly. 3. Modular design makes it easy to transport, install and replace.

Fully Continuous Pyrolysis Reactor
Fully Continuous Pyrolysis Reactor

ModelBST-05 Pro (skid-mounted)BST-10BST-30BST-50
Input Capacity0.3-0.5m³/h (300kg/h)2-4m³/h (1000kg/h)7-9m³/h (3000kg/h)10-15m³/h (5000kg/h)
Reactor Sizeφ830mm*L5500mmφ1300mm*L14051mmφ1700mm*L14180mmφ2000mm*L14260mm
Land for Equipment (L*W*H, Standard Configuration)10m*8m*3.9m29m*15m*5m30m*15m*8m35m*18m*9m
Weight (Standard Configuration)15T35T35T49T
Energy Consumption (Standard Configuration)31kw/h34.7kw/h61.5kw/h116kw/h
Working MethodFully continuous
Feeding RequirementSize: ≤20mm; moisture: ≤15%; strong liquidity
StructureDouble barrel single hearthDouble barrel double hearth
Reactor MaterialQ245RQ245R+310S
Speed1-9RPM
Control MethodAutomatic control
PressureMicro negative pressureMicro negative pressureMicro negative pressureMicro negative pressure
Heating MaterialDiesel, natural gas, heavy oil, biomas, etc.Diesel, natural gas, heavy oil, biomas, etc.Diesel, natural gas, heavy oil, biomas, etc.Diesel, natural gas, heavy oil, biomas, etc.
Heating MethodDirect heating
Noise (dB)≤80≤80≤80≤80
CondenserCirculating water coolingCirculating water coolingCirculating water coolingCirculating water cooling
Rotation MethodExternal gear rotationExternal gear rotationExternal gear rotationExternal gear rotation

Main Components

1. Lower drive  2. Upper drive device  3. Upper helix  4. Drive rack  5. Lower spirals  6. Buffer room   7. Hot air outlet   8. Oil and gas exports  9. Lower heat exchanger  10. Top heat exchanger  11. Continuous pyrolysis framework

It also contains a pressure gauge, a remote thermometer, and a slag tapping hole on the right side.

Out of the heat exchanger, there is an external insulation layer and casing. While for rotary design, there is an external insulation layer and casing out of the reactor to keep the heat.

Continuous Pyrolysis Reactor
Main Components

How to Build a Pyrolysis Reactor?

Beston Group Co., LTD. offers installation services. Also, we will provide you with a custom layout design once we get your order. So you can build the foundation when we prepare your machines. Once you receive the machine and get the basic construction works ready, we will send our engineers on site for your installation. During the COVID-19, we also offer an online installation service.

Installation Service
Installation Service

How to Choose A Suitable Pyrolysis Reactor?

As mentioned, the reactor will influence the distribution of raw materials and the working method. Below are the differences between rotary and fixed reactors.

Reactor Types Rotary Reactor Fixed Reactor
Feeding Method Manually (whole tyres ) or Automatic (shredded tires) Automatic (shredded tires)
Foundation Required No need
Working Method Batch / Semi-continuous Continuous
Feeding Capacity 1-15 ton/batch 20-24 ton
Heating Method Direct heating Indirect heating

Generally, the rotary reactor is commonly used in batch plants. The raw materials can be fed manually and then heat the reactor for pyrolysis. You can feed in the whole tyres or shredded tires. The latter one can improve the pyrolysis efficiency and the actual feeding capacity. Then it needs 8-10 hours to cool down for another batch. While the fixed one is continuous, which is often equipped with an automatic feeding system and discharging system. So you can discharge while feeding. But it requires that the raw materials are smaller than 20 mm in size and with less than 15% water content. It means you need more auxiliary equipment, which will increase your investment cost. Below is a pyrolysis machine video for your reference.

Beston Tips

Different pyrolysis reactor types have their features. What you need is to buy from reliable pyrolysis reactor manufacturers. Then choose a suitable one according to your own conditions. So before choosing a reactor, please ask yourself the questions below:

  1. What raw materials will you process?
  2. How many tons will you process per day?
  3. How much will you spend on this project?
  4. Is it expensive to hire a worker in your place?
  5. How large the available space do you have?
  6. Your local environmental protection policy.

You can also contact Beston Group Co., LTD. for help directly. We have a professional team to help you to get an ideal pyrolysis reactor.

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