How to Make Charcoal from Organic Waste?

The method of making charcoal from organic waste is to find a place with oxygen-depleted and high-temperature environment. Due to the uses of charcoal/biochar in industrial fuel and soil improvement, making charcoal is a common business to earn money. This video shows the process of how Beston charcoal machine makes charcoal from organic waste (distillers’ grains).

What Kind of Organic Waste Can be Used to Make Charcoal?

Agricultural Waste

Waste crops are good raw materials for making charcoal due to their high fiber and carbon content. Biomass carbonization is a good destination for agricultural waste compared to conventional landfill or incineration. Common agricultural wastes used to make charcoal include: coconut shells, palm kernel shells, rice husks, hemp stalks, etc.

Forest Waste

Producing charcoal from forest waste is a more environmentally friendly option compared to other methods of charcoal production, such as clearcutting forests for wood or using non-renewable resources like coal. It also generates less greenhouse gas emissions than burning fossil fuels like oil and natural gas.

Sewage Sludge

Sewage sludge is from wastewater treatment plants and contains a mixture of organic and inorganic materials, including human waste, food scraps, and other organic matter that are typically removed from wastewater. It contains organic material that can be converted into a high-energy fuel through the process of pyrolysis.

Other MSW

Other MSW like household waste, food waste, medical waste, human and animal waste can also be used for making charcoal. Common MSW include vegetable peels, coffee grounds, eggshells an so on. They also contain rich organic ingredients. If you are not sure, welcome to contact Beston for a professional answer.

Agricultural and Forestry Waste Recycling Solution

Applications of Charcoal

Home/Industrial Fuel

Charcoal has been used as a fuel for both at home and in industries for centuries. Because charcoal is easy to light and produce little smoke, it is usually used for cooking or heating. Most of biochar is made from fruit or wood wastes, so it’s suitable for cooking. For industries, use charcoal as fuel is a more cost-effective plan. Cement plant, boiler plant, power plant and other heavy plants are important consumers of charcoal.

charcoal as Industrial Fuel

Charcoal Briquette as BBQ Charcoal or Hookah Charcoal

After briquette, charcoal is often sold as BBQ charcoal and hookah charcoal. It burns longer than traditional wood, and provides a smoky flavor to the food being grilled. Charcoal is also easier to handle and transport than wood, which makes it a convenient option for outdoor cooking. In addition to BBQ, charcoal is also commonly used as fuel for hookahs or shisha pipes. Hookah charcoal is typically made from coconut shells or bamboo. It is shaped into small cubes or discs. When lit, the charcoal heats up the shisha tobacco, producing smoke that is inhaled through the pipe.

as BBQ Charcoal or Hookah Charcoal

Soil Improvement

The final charcoal is also called biochar in may places. When added to soil, biochar can improve soil structure, increase water-holding capacity, and improve nutrient retention. It can also increase the soil’s pH and reduce the availability of certain nutrients, such as nitrogen, to plants. However, when combined with other soil amendments and managed correctly, biochar can enhance the overall soil quality and provide long-lasting benefits to plant growth and health.

as Soil Improvement

Carbon Credit and Carbon Sink

Charcoal can be used as a carbon credit because it is a stable form of carbon that can be used to offset carbon emissions. Charcoal can also be used as a carbon sink because it can be added to soil to increase its carbon content. When added to soil, charcoal can improve soil fertility, water retention, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Follow us on LinkedIn to know more information about carbon credit and carbon sink.

as Carbon Credit and Carbon Sink

Metallurgy and Other Industrial Process

Charcoal can be used in metallurgy to reduce metal oxides into their corresponding metals. Because it is porous and has a high surface area, which allows it to react quickly with the metal oxides. In addition, charcoal produces a high temperature flame, which is necessary for melting the metal and separating it from its impurities.

as Metallurgy

Necessary Conditions for Making Charcoal

Enough Raw Materials

A continuous charcoal production line is not a small investment. Charcoal makers need to prepare at least hundreds of kilograms or more of raw materials every day. If you are entering the charcoal manufacturing industry for the first time or just want to test the feasibility of the project, we also provide small batch solutions.

Reliable Charcoal Kiln

A reliable charcoal kiln offers oxygen-free environment and continuous heating. Beston charcoal kilns use the latest soft seal materials to prevent air from entering. The double-layer furnace design can avoid the black smoke generated by the open flame directly contacting the raw materials.

Environmentally-friendly Charcoal Production Line

Making charcoal is closely related to the local environment. A polluting business like traditional charcoal lines has been banned in many countries. The modern way of making charcoal is to use a biochar reactor with a dust removal system and strictly control the emitted gas. The gas emitted from Beston’s new environmentally friendly charcoal production line complies with EU standards and will not harm the environment.

Successfully Making Charcoal from Organic Waste
Successfully Making Charcoal from Organic Waste

Modern Steps for Making Charcoal from Organic Waste

Control of Organic Waste

In order to improve feed efficiency and charcoal quality, organic waste needs to be controlled to a size of less than 20mm and a humidity of less than 15%. Beston offers dryers and crushers.

Carbonization of Organic Waste

A conveyor belt or screw feeder feeds the organic waste into the charcoal kiln. Use the PLC control cabinet to control the switch of the charcoal kiln. High-quality charcoal is available in about 20 minutes.

Exhaust Gas Treatment

Biogas is delivered to hydro-seal to be cleaned and returned back to the reactor combustion chamber for heating as a substitute fuel. It can save your much fuel cost. Excess biogas is burned out in waste gas combustion chamber.

Use Modern Charcoal Production Line
Use Modern Charcoal Production Line

Why Recommended Beston Group to Help you Make Charcoal?

Mature Charcoal Making Technology

Beston has more than 20 senior professional and technical personnel. They have relevant professional master’s degree certificates and multilingual certificates, and can communicate with you in the most professional manner without barriers. After several years of development, Beston has mature charcoal manufacturing technology.

Various Charcoal Machines

In order to meet different needs, Beston designed 7 models of charcoal making machines for you to choose from. The following table is some key parameters. Still unsatisfactory? Leave a message on this page with your needs, and the Beston project manager will provide you with a customized production plan within 48 hours.

ModelBST-J12BST-J18BST-J40BST-05 Pro (skid-mounted)BST-10BST-30BST-50
Input Capacity12m³/batch18m³/batch40m³/batch0.3-0.5m³/h2-4m³/h7-9m³/h10-15m³/h
Reactor Sizeφ1900mm*L4500mmφ1900mm*L6600mmφ2800mm*L7100mmφ830mm*L5500mmφ1300mm*L14051mmφ1700mm*L14180mmφ2000mm*L14260mm
Land for Equipment (L*W*H, Standard Configuration)9m*6m*6m12m*6m*7m15m*18m*7m10m*8m*3.9m29m*15m*5m30m*15m*8m35m*18m*9m
Weight (Standard Configuration)18T22T34T15T32T35T49T
Energy Consumption (Standard Configuration)11kw/h13.5kw/h25kw/h31kw/h34.7kw/h61.5kw/h116kw/h
Working MethodBatchFully continuous
Feeding Requirement/Size: ≤20mm; moisture: ≤15%; strong liquidity
StructureHorizontal rotationDouble barrel single hearthDouble barrel double hearth
Control MethodControl by buttonsPLC control
Reactor MaterialQ245RQ245+310S
PressureMicro negative pressure
Heating MaterialDiesel, natural gas, heavy oil, biomas, etc.
Heating MethodDirect heating
Noise (dB)≤80
CondenserCirculating water cooling
Rotation MethodExternal gear rotation

Rich Experience and Strong Strength

Up to now, the charcoal manufacturing projects assisted by Beston have covered hundreds of countries and regions. According to statistics in the past three years, the sales amount and quantity of carbonization equipment have been increasing at an annual growth rate of 30%.

Perfect Service and Solution

Beston provides perfect service and solutions from the beginning to the end. Customers speak highly to the service including customized solutions, tracking information on production and delivery, free technical documents, and on-site and online installation service…

Sales Map of Beston Charcoal Making Machines
Sales Map of Beston Charcoal Making Machines
Customers' Feedback on the Operation Site of Beston Charcoal Prodution Machine
Customers’ Feedback on the Operation Site of Beston Charcoal Prodution Machine

Contact Us

The following items will help you identify key information about your project, which will enable us to work on a competitive solution proposal.

Please specify your requirement by referring to the following aspects:

1- What kind of solution will meet your demand? (Key point)
2- What kind of material and expected end product are you planning to have?
3- When is the project supposed to be running? (Key info for A-Z project programming)
4- Budget for machinery purchasing? (Key info for right model)
5- Points that you really focus on. (Customized service from our project consultant)