At present, charcoal resources in many countries are in short supply. Under this situation, Beston carbonization machine has become more and more important for the world. Our carbonization machines have been successfully installed and used in more than 50 countries and regions.
What Is Carbonization Machine?
The carbonization machine is a device that can convert various agricultural and forestry wastes, waste sludge and other garbage into high-value products. These wastes will be decomposed by high temperature after entering the carbonization furnace. The final products you can get are carbon, tar, wood vinegar, and combustible gas. These products can get quick returns whether they are sold directly or processed.
The entire charcoal processing plant includes many accessories. The belt conveyor and dryer are responsible for processing the materials to a state suitable for pyrolysis. These materials will be pyrolysis by high temperature and pressure in the carbonization furnace. The exhaust gas will be purified by the cyclone emission dedustor and cooling tower. It can be used as fuel for subsequent production. The output system can separate the carbon according to the particle size, which can save your time and energy greatly.
Models of Beston Carbonization Machine
Beston professional engineers have designed a variety of models for your option. If you have other needs about the carbonization plant, please communicate with us immediately. Beston provides free customized services.
|Model||BST-J12||BST-J18||BST-J40||BST-05 Pro (skid-mounted)||BST-10||BST-30||BST-50|
|Input Capacity||12m³/h/batch||18m³/h/batch||40m³/h/batch||0.3-0.5m³/h (300kg/h)||2-4m³/h (1000kg/h)||7-9m³/h (3000kg/h)||10-15m³/h (5000kg/h)|
|Land for Equipment (L*W*H, Standard Configuration)||9m*6m*6m||12m*6m*7m||15m*18m*7m||10m*8m*3.9m||29m*15m*5m||30m*15m*8m||35m*18m*9m|
|Weight (Standard Configuration)||18T||22T||34T||15T||32T||35T||49T|
|Energy Consumption (Standard Configuration)||11kw/h||13.5kw/h||25kw/h||31kw/h||34.7kw/h||61.5kw/h||116kw/h|
|Working Method||Batch||Fully continuous|
|Feeding Requirement||/||Size: ≤20mm; moisture: ≤15%; strong liquidity|
|Structure||Horizontal rotation||Double barrel single hearth||Double barrel double hearth|
|Control Method||Control by buttons||Automatic control|
|Pressure||Micro negative pressure|
|Heating Material||Diesel, natural gas, heavy oil, biomas, etc.|
|Heating Method||Direct heating|
|Condenser||Circulating water cooling|
|Rotation Method||External gear rotation|
Whats Kinds of Raw Materials Can Be Used in Carbonization Machine?
The carbonization machine can handle a variety of wastes, and we can divide them into three categories.
Waste biomass with high fiber content is a good raw material for charcoal production, including rice husk, sawdust, fruit husk, coffee husk, palm husk, pecan husk, bamboo, coconut shell, straw, jute stick, and trees bark and other biomass materials. After fast pyrolysis of biomass, biochar can be obtained directly.
The extraction and processing of oil will produce a large amount of waste sludge, which contains toxic substances that are difficult to degrade. Sludge carbonization pyrolysis technology is a new type of environmental protection treatment method, and it is a new type of technology method used for the harmless treatment of sludge today. Moreover, no secondary pollution is generated, and the harmless treatment of oil sludge and resource recovery and reuse are realized.
Other Solid Waste
Other solid wastes including medical waste, household waste, food waste, etc., can be used to make charcoal.
What Can You Get From Carbonization Machine
Biochar can be obtained from biomass after fast pyrolysis of biomass. Mostly charcoal is used as fuel for heating or grilling. In addition, if the charcoal is developed into powder, it can be made into a charcoal pen, which can be used in the field of painting or cosmetics. And after activation, you can also get activated carbon, which is widely used to purify air and water.
The use of vinegar can cover many aspects of life. Spraying wood vinegar on the soil can prevent seed wilt and can also be used as a soil disinfectant. The application of wood vinegar in the soil can effectively inhibit the pests that hinder the growth of plants. Wood vinegar can be used to purify toilet feces and the stench emitted by the corruption of fresh goods.
Tar is generally used as a refined raw material to produce various chemical products, and it can also be used directly, such as as the ingredient composition of the binder for industrial briquette, briquette and coal-based activated carbon, and can also be used as fuel oil, blast furnace Injection fuel and wood preservative oil and raw material for burning carbon black.
Beston offers several different waste recycling solutions for customers. Please contact Beston (China) Machinery to improve the environment.
How To Get Carbon? – Working Process of Carbonization Machine
Beston carbonization machine has a very high degree of automation, which can reduce your cost and time greatly. Here we introduce three main stages for the working process of carbonization machine.
The prepared raw materials are transported to the crusher through a belt conveyor, and then the materials of uniform size are transported to the dryer to ensure the drying effect. The preparatory work before carbonization is very important, which directly determines the yield and quality of carbon.
Beston continuous carbonization furnace is designed with double tanks inside and outside. The outer layer first preheats the entire main furnace to 150 degrees, and then the material can be transported to the inner furnace for pyrolysis. Different from the traditional vertical carbonization machine, Beston carbonization furnace for charcoal adopts a drum design, which can heat the material more uniformly and achieve a good carbonization effect. The exhaust gas generated during the high-temperature carbonization process is purified and collected into the fuel bunker to provide continuous heat for subsequent carbonization. Here we offer a video of carbonization machine in Bangladesh for your reference.
After high-temperature carbonization, the raw materials have been separated into carbon, tar, wood vinegar and other products. After the charcoal is sieved, the big pieces are put into large bags, and the small particles are made into charcoal rods. No harmful substances are produced during the entire carbonization process, which meets the national environmental protection requirements.
Reasons to Buy Beston Carbonization Machine
Beston engineers improved the seal design of the main furnace to ensure that no air leakage occurs during operation. And they also set up a number of observation points, you can more clearly understand the entire carbonization situation. There is an explosion-proof device at the end of the carbonization machine. Once the pressure is too high, the power will be automatically cut off, which can reduce the occurrence of accidents.
Stronger Market Demand
Carbon is essential in people’s daily life. Recently, many countries have experienced a shortage of carbon resources, which will seriously affect the economic development of the entire country. Beston carbonization machine can alleviate this problem to a great extent. Products produced with Beston carbonization machines will have very good sales. Moreover, the raw material of this carbonization machine is solid waste. You can produce high-quality carbon while reducing waste. This is very supported by the country and government.
More Environmentally Friendly
The flue gas is processed by multi-channel dust removal devices to meet the standard emission requirements. The fuel is heated and preheated with clean energy such as diesel or natural gas, which is more environmentally friendly and more efficient. The combustion chamber is designed with ceramic fiber and has a service life of up to 12 years, which can avoid secondary pollution. The sewage adopts three-stage sedimentation technology and is repeatedly used, and the sedimented sludge is re-carbonized to make deep use of resources and achieve zero discharge.
More Energy Efficient
The intelligent control of the biomass pyrolysis equipment is designed with frequency conversion technology adjustment, which is more energy-saving. The exhausting hot flue gas is used to dry the materials, which is more energy-saving and environmentally friendly. Double drum design, the inner cylinder is preheated and dried, and the thermal efficiency is higher. The water resources used by the equipment are reused to save resources. After the equipment and materials are in normal operation, it can switch to its own combustible gas instead of external fuel for heating, and the energy consumption is smaller. Continuous operation for 3-5 days makes the equipment more efficient. The main and auxiliary furnace design and multi-stage thermal structure make the equipment more energy-saving. Low nitrogen combustion design, higher combustion efficiency.
FAQs About Carbonization Machine
Requirements for Raw Materials
The requirements of the carbonization machine for raw materials are mainly two aspects: moisture and size.
The moisture content of the raw materials is controlled below 15% to get a better carbonization effect. If the water content of the raw materials you prepare exceeds 15%, Beston provides you with a dryer to improve the carbonization effect. The normal feed size is less than 2 cm. At present, the largest feed size we have experienced is 5 cm (peach pits). Under normal circumstances, a crusher is required for larger than 2 cm. The optimal feed size we recommend is 8 mm (rice husk). (The smaller the feed size, the smaller the gap between the materials, the smaller the oxygen intake)
Temperature Required for Carbonization
- The carbonization temperature of biomass waste is generally 380-450 degrees;
- The carbonization temperature of sludge is higher than 500-650 degrees;
- The carbonization temperature of garbage is about 600-850 degrees (the main component is plastic, and the composition is complicated. It needs to be analyzed according to the specific situation).
Reaction Time of Carbonization Machine
Here we take sawdust and rice husk as an example. From feeding to discharging, it takes about 15-25 minutes to complete the entire carbonization process. The particle size, density, moisture content and requirements of the finished carbon will affect the time of carbonization. If you’d like to know the detailed time of your material, welcome to contact Beston for the analysis report.
Installation and Delivery
The production cycle is 45-60 working days, the installation cycle is 30-45 working days (excluding basic construction time), and the commissioning cycle is 3-5 working days.