Today, biomass pyrolysis plant plays a crucial role in waste recycling. Through pyrolysis technology, it converts various types of waste biomass into charcoal/biochar. The entire pyrolysis process is efficient and clean. Therefore, the machine provides a sustainable solution for waste biomass recycling. Currently, the production of high-value charcoal/biochar makes biomass pyrolysis machine a profitable option. Furthermore, The machine’s ability to reduce carbon footprint is receiving continued attention from recyclers.

Understand Biomass Pyrolysis Technology

The biomass pyrolysis process is essentially a controllable reduction reaction in a closed container. The reaction is carried out in a high-temperature microaerobic environment. Biomass is rich in lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose. During pyrolysis, these substances decompose. It mainly involves the following stages:

  • Dehydration: In a heated high-temperature environment, the internal water molecules in biomass gradually evaporate.
  • Demethylation: When the reaction temperature reaches 250°C, the organic compounds in biomass lose methyl groups during pyrolysis.
  • Aromatic compound conversion: aromatic compounds in biomass undergo dehydrogenation, condensation, and hydrogenation to form various low molecular weight compounds.

These reactions do not have very obvious stages, and many reactions are carried out crosswise. The charcoal/biochar production in this reaction is rich in carbon. In addition, mixed combustible gas with a high calorific value is also a practical end product.


Models&Parameter of Biomass Pyrolysis Plant for Sale

To adapt to the diverse production needs of customers, Beston Group offers 7 models of biomass pyrolysis equipment. Each model is uniquely designed to suit specific operational needs and different scales of biomass processing. Beston Group’s highly adaptable product system has always been one of the reasons why customers choose us. Below are the specific models & parameters for your reference.

Skid-mounted Wood to Charcoal Machine

Skid-Mounted Type

Model: BST-05Pro
  • Feature: easy to install and operate;
  • Feeding: diameter ≤ 2cm; water content ≤ 15%;
Batch Wood to Charcoal Machine

Batch Type

Model: BST-J12/BST-J18/BST-J40
  • Feature: need cooling time after each batch of production;
  • Feeding: about 20cm block materials;
Fully Continuous Wood to Charcoal Machine

Continuous Type

Model: BST-10/BST-30/BST-50
  • Feature: 24 hours of continuous charcoal making;
  • Feeding: diameter ≤ 2cm; water content ≤ 15%.
ModelBST-J12BST-J18BST-J40BST-05 Pro (skid-mounted)BST-10BST-30BST-50
Input Capacity12m³/batch18m³/batch40m³/batch0.3-0.5m³/h2-4m³/h7-9m³/h10-15m³/h
Reactor Sizeφ1900mm*L4500mmφ1900mm*L6600mmφ2800mm*L7100mmφ830mm*L5500mmφ1300mm*L14051mmφ1700mm*L14180mmφ2000mm*L14260mm
Land for Equipment (L*W*H, Standard Configuration)9m*6m*6m12m*6m*7m15m*18m*7m10m*8m*3.9m29m*15m*5m30m*15m*8m35m*18m*9m
Weight (Standard Configuration)18T22T34T15T32T35T49T
Energy Consumption (Standard Configuration)11kw/h13.5kw/h25kw/h31kw/h34.7kw/h61.5kw/h116kw/h
Working MethodBatchFully continuous
Feeding Requirement/Size: ≤20mm; moisture: ≤15%; strong liquidity
StructureHorizontal rotationDouble barrel single hearthDouble barrel double hearth
Control MethodControl by buttonsPLC control
Reactor MaterialQ245RQ245+310S
PressureMicro negative pressure
Heating MaterialDiesel, natural gas, heavy oil, biomas, etc.
Heating MethodDirect heating
Noise (dB)≤80
CondenserCirculating water cooling
Rotation MethodExternal gear rotation

Types of Biomass Recyclable for Biomass Pyrolysis Plant

The biomass pyrolysis plant can recycle most of the waste biomass. Biomass comes from the production links of various industries. Most of them have not been effectively utilized. Below are some common types of biomass and their sources.

Waste Biomass from Wood Processing

Forest/Wood Processing Waste

  • Type: logs, wood scraps, sawdust, bamboo, etc.
  • Source: plantation, sawmill, wood processing plant.

Waste Biomass from Food Processing

Food Processing Waste

  • Type: coconut shells, coffee shells, sugarcane bagasse, etc.
  • Source: plantation, food processing plant.

Waste Biomass from Agriculture

Agricultural Waste

  • Types: rice husk, straw, corn stalk, jute stick, etc.
  • Source: farmland, agricultural product processing factory.​

Waste Biomass from Palm

Palm Plantation Waste

  • Types: palm kernel shell, empty fruit bunch, etc.
  • Source: plantations, palm oil mills.

Working Process of Biomass Pyrolysis Plant: Biomass to Charcoal/Biochar


To improve the charcoal output rate, we advise the water content should be less than 15%. Also, the ideal size is between 8 mm to 15 mm. Besides, we offer an automatic feeding system to improve efficiency. For this purpose, you may need dryers, crushers, feeding belts, etc. We will equip that according to your needs. Contact Beston now to design the most suitable biomass pyrolysis machine.


Biomass Pyrolysis

Preheat the biomass pyrolysis reactor for 30-60 minutes. Then feed the prepared material with a constant feeder into the biochar reactor. After 15 to 20 minutes, you can get charcoal out. During this process, there will be a lot of biogas generated, which will go through the cyclone dust remover and spray dust collector. Then it enters the condenser system to get tar and wood vinegar. Then the left combustible gas will be recycled as fuel to heat the reactor. Moreover, the high-temperature exhaust gas after combustion can be the heating source for the drying system.



We use a fully sealed water cooling system to cool down the charcoal/biochar to 30 degrees. It can keep workers from high temperatures. Also, the fully sealed design can stop the fly ash of charcoal. It is good for the environment and safety. If your area has higher emission standards, we provide high-end exhaust treatment facilities. The exhaust gas treated by this facility can meet EU standards.


De-dusting System

This system can effectively reduce the harmful substances in the tail gas. It contains cyclone dust remover, spray dust collector, water spray tower, etc. to clean and cool down the exhaust gas.


Application of End Products of Biomass Pyrolysis Plant

Charcoal/biochar is the most important product of biomass pyrolysis machine. Although they are both carbon materials, they exert different properties. The excellent combustion properties of charcoal make it play an important role in fuel production. Meanwhile, the adsorption capacity and carbon sequestration ability of biochar contribute to environmental improvement. Therefore, they have quite a wide range of uses.

Biomass Biochar for Soil Additve

Soil Remediation

Biochar is used as a soil amendment to improve soil structure, increase water-holding capacity and provide nutrients needed by plants. It helps enhance soil fertility, reduce pH, and improve soil water-holding capacity and aeration.

Biomass Biochar for Carbon Reduction

Carbon Sink

The use of biochar can store large amounts of carbon in the soil for a long time and act as a carbon sink. This helps slow the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and helps combat climate change.

Biomass Biochar for Animal Feed

Feed Additives

Biochar can be used as an additive in feed. It improves the intestinal health of animals to promote development. At the same time, it promotes the absorption of nutrients by the animal’s digestive system. Additionally, it helps reduce the absorption of harmful substances by animals.

Biomass Biochar for Building Material

Eco-friendly Building Material

As an environmentally friendly building material, biochar has excellent adsorption performance and thermal insulation properties. This helps improve indoor air quality and reduce energy consumption.

Biomass Charcoal for BBQ

BBQ Charcoal

Biomass charcoal can be used as barbecue charcoal after being made into granules or blocks. Charcoal made from food processing waste biomass has the characteristics of high calorific value and low ash content. At the same time, there is a unique flavor.

Biomass Charcoal for Hookah

Hookah Charcoal

In hookah use, biomass charcoal is used as a fuel and additive to enhance the flavor of the tobacco. It burns for a long time and produces clean smoke. Hookah charcoal made from fruit husks or pomace has a great flavor.

Biomass Charcoal for Indusrial Fuel

Alternative Fuels

Biomass charcoal can be used as a form of biomass energy as a renewable alternative fuel. In some areas, it is used for power generation, heating, or other energy applications. At the same time, this reduces reliance on traditional non-renewable resources.

Biomass Charcoal for Metal Smelting

Smelting Reducing Agent

Biomass charcoal has a high carbon sequestration capacity. This allows it to effectively provide the carbon source required for reduction reactions during the smelting process. Thus, this achieves an efficient reduction of metals.

Biomass Pyrolysis Plant Promote Sustainable Development in Various Industries

Through charcoal/biochar making, biomass pyrolysis machine also leads to the sustainable development of some industries, especially the processing industry and agriculture. The following will take the two industries as examples to reveal the sustainable transformation brought about by the machine.

Biomass Pyrolysis Technology in Processing Industry

Processing Industry

  • Charcoal achieves an internal cycle energy structure. For processing industries with biomass output, continuous self-supply of raw materials for charcoal production can be achieved. Thus, reusing self-production charcoal as an alternative fuel can sustainably supplement the fossil energy consumption of the processing industry.
  • Biochar enables carbon neutrality. In addition to waste biomass, production activities in this industry generate carbon emissions. Through pyrolysis, biomass is converted into biochar with carbon sequestration properties. Biochar can be used in carbon removal projects to obtain carbon offsets. Thus, this creates a neutralizing effect on carbon emissions from the processing industry.

Biomass Pyrolysis Technology in Agriculture


  • Biomass pyrolysis reduces carbon emissions. Incineration of waste biomass is a major contributor to carbon emissions in agriculture. In contrast, while reducing waste volume, pyrolysis technology achieves carbon in biomass fixed in biochar stably. In various application scenarios, biochar is difficult to decompose into carbon dioxide.  As a result, carbon emissions in agriculture are effectively controlled.
  • Biochar realizes closed-loop carbon cycle. Biochar produced from agricultural waste can be reused in farmland. This not only promotes crop growth but also enables long-term stable storage of carbon in the soil. This self-sufficient production model achieves a complete life cycle circulation of carbon.

Choose Beston Group as Biomass Pyrolysis Plant Manufacturer

If you are looking for a reliable biomass pyrolysis plant manufacturer, Beston Group is the best choice. We can provide high-quality equipment. In addition, our service team can ensure that your project runs without worries. Therefore, Beston Group not only plays the role of manufacturer, but we are also the provider of customized solutions. Contact us to take the first step in your biomass recycling project.

Beston Biomass Pyrolysis Plant with Reliable Quality

Reliable Quality

  • Strict quality control procedures are implemented in production processes such as incoming material inspection, cutting, welding, grinding, and painting.
  • The machine not only uses premium main furnace material but also has heating horizontal plates. This guarantees a long-term service life.

Beston Biomass Pyrolysis Plant with Advantage Technology

Advanced technology

  • Reaction system adopts a double-pass heating structure. This improves heat utilization.
  • Multiple safety facilities are installed in key parts of the machine. This ensures production safety.
  • PLC system and IoT system (optional) realize real-time monitoring of operating conditions.

Beston Biomass Pyrolysis Plant with One-stop Service

One-stop Service

  • Technical team provides customized solutions according to customer production needs.
  • Installation team provides on-site installation guidance and operational training.
  • After-sales team promptly solves problems encountered by customers during the project.

Successful Cases of Beston Biomass Pyrolysis Plant

Biomass recycling projects are very popular around the world. As the world’s leading biomass recycling expert, Beston Group has established long-term cooperation with many customers. Our solutions are suitable for different raw materials and production scales. Therefore, if you need a customized solution, please let us know your requirements. Here are some successful cases for your reference.

Work with Beston Group

With the increasing awareness of environmental conservation globally, biomass pyrolysis plant presents a promising investment prospect. A reliable solution provider is key to the success of a biomass recycling project. Therefore, if you want to start a biomass pyrolysis business, choosing to cooperate with Beston Group is the best choice. Our extensive experience and cutting-edge solutions ensure the long-term success of your project. For more information please follow us on Facebook.

Contact Us

The following items will help you identify key information about your project, which will enable us to work on a competitive solution proposal.

Please specify your requirement by referring to the following aspects:

1- What kind of solution will meet your demand? (Key point)
2- What kind of material and expected end product are you planning to have?
3- When is the project supposed to be running? (Key info for A-Z project programming)
4- Budget for machinery purchasing? (Key info for right model)
5- Points that you really focus on. (Customized service from our project consultant)