With the awakening of sustainability awareness in today’s world, biochar production equipment has become the focus of attention. Biochar is favored by environmentalists for its excellent properties and wide range of applications. To achieve biochar production, the key link is biochar equipment. The machine not only converts waste biomass into organic additives but also provides a unique solution for carbon removal.

Biochar Production Equipment: Driving Sustainable Recycling

Biochar production equipment plays an important role in promoting sustainable recycling. Through biomass pyrolysis technology, the equipment can achieve the reduction of waste biomass and convert it into valuable biochar. This not only helps ease the pressure on waste biomass processing but also finds new ways to recycle this waste. In addition, the resource utilization of biochar, including soil improvement, carbon sequestration, and energy production, realizes the sustainable recycling of waste. What’s more, the machine focuses on sustainable recycling methods, ensuring minimal energy consumption and emissions during production. Overall, this integrated treatment model provides innovative solutions for waste resource management. This drives society towards more sustainable development.

Beston Biochar Production Equipment

Raw Material Sources for Biochar Equipment: Waste Biomass Types

The biochar production equipment is suitable for a variety of biomass. In general, there are many types of biomass. As an abundant type of waste, they can come from various production activities. Here are some common types.

Foresty Waste to Biochar

Forestry Waste

Forestry waste mainly includes logging residues, branches, bark, etc. These materials are usually rich in cellulose and hemicellulose and have high carbon content. This type of biomass tends to have a higher water content.

Wood Processing Waste to Biochar

Wood Processing Waste

Wood processing waste includes shavings, sawdust, sawdust, etc. The production processes generate these materials, which possess a natural wood fiber structure. In addition, this type of biomass is relatively dry.

Food Processing Waste to Biochar

Food Processing Waste

Food processing waste includes coconut shells, palm shells, empty fruit bunches, sugarcane bagasse, etc., which are rich in organic matter and moisture. Often accumulated in large quantities in food processing plants.

Agriculture Waste to Biochar

Agricultural Waste

Agricultural processing waste involves crop residues, straw, chaff, etc. These resources can be found on farmland and in grain processing plants. Their general treatment method is direct incineration. This causes air pollution.


What is Biochar?

Biochar is a carbonaceous product made by pyrolyzing organic materials in a low-oxygen environment. With its high carbon content and relative stability, biochar is considered a long-term form of carbon storage. Additionally, some studies also indicate that biochar can sequester carbon in the soil for decades or even centuries.

Formation of Biochar

In high-temperature environments, volatile substances in biomass, such as moisture, organic acids, phenolic substances, etc., will be released. Subsequently, in the biochar production equipment, organic matter such as cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin in the biomass is decomposed. This process forms a stable carbon skeleton. Finally, the biomass is converted into biochar, which has a higher carbon content.

Structure of Biochar

  • Porous: Biochar usually has a rich pore structure, including micropores, mesopores, and macropores, which helps to increase its specific surface area, increase adsorption capacity, and improve soil aeration.
  • Stable skeleton: The pyrolysis process forms a strong carbon skeleton, which is rich in carbon elements. This gives biochar good chemical stability and durability.
  • Low Volatility: Due to the release of volatile substances in biomass, biochar has a relatively low volatile content, making it more suitable for special applications such as soil improvement and carbon sequestration.
What is Biochar

Diverse Application Fields of Biochar

Due to its excellent properties, biochar plays an important role in various fields. Biochar supports every step of production. In addition, it promotes sustainable development in various industries.

Animal Husbandry
Carbon Removal
Industrial Manufacturing

Biochar increases the organic matter content of the soil and provides nutrients that plants need. This is essential for the growth of forest plants and the health of the ecosystem.

Introducing biochar into the soil helps create a fire-resistant layer that slows the spread of fire and increases resistance to wildfires.

Adding biochar to organic fertilizers can improve fertilizer utilization efficiency. This helps in the higher growth of crops.

The porous structure of biochar helps slow-release nutrients, gradually releasing them around plant roots, providing a more sustained supply of nutrients.

Adding biochar to feed can help eliminate harmful substances in livestock and poultry. This not only improves the animal’s health but also improves feed absorption efficiency.

Biochar can effectively absorb moisture and odors as house bedding. Thus, this provides a drier and cleaner environment.

By storing carbon in the soil, biochar helps slow the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, contributing to carbon sequestration and climate change mitigation.

Some carbon removal certification platforms allow companies to earn carbon credits through the use of biochar. This has prompted more companies to adopt environmentally friendly practices.

Combining biochar with materials such as concrete can create environmentally friendly building materials such as biochar bricks. These materials help reduce environmental impact and improve the energy efficiency performance of buildings.

Using biochar in building materials, such as thermal insulation materials, can improve the insulation performance of buildings and increase energy efficiency.

Biochar can be used as a renewable industrial fuel to replace traditional fossil fuels and reduce dependence on non-renewable resources.

In the metal smelting process, biochar can be used as a reducing agent to help extract metals while reducing the use of traditional reducing agents.

How to Make Biochar: Working Process of Biochar Production Equipment


Raw Material Pretreatment

Firstly, the raw materials need to undergo pre-processing, including drying and grinding. Performing drying reduces the moisture content in the raw materials, thereby enhancing the efficiency of pyrolysis. Subsequently, the process involves crushing the raw materials into smaller particles.


Biochar Formation

Pyrolysis is the core step in the biochar production process. In a microaerobic environment, dry biomass undergoes pyrolysis reactions, typically at temperatures between 380°C and 450°C. This process causes the release of water and volatile components in the biochar machine. As volatile materials are released, the residual carbon mass gradually increases. Biochar is formed after the reaction stabilizes.


Combustible Gas Recovery

The reactions in the main furnace produce combustible gases. After removing and purifying dust, one can utilize these gases as fuel, supplying a heat source for the reaction furnace. Furthermore, the waste gases lacking utility value will discharge through the waste gas dust removal system.


Biochar Collection

The hot biochar produced by the reaction furnace needs to be cooled quickly and efficiently collected. Generally, the equipment adopts a water-cooled slag discharge system. This ensures that the biochar cools quickly. Additionally, the process separates ash and impurities from the biochar. This step is critical to the quality and purity of the final biochar.


Emission Gas Treatment

The exhaust gas enters the spray tower and cooling tower. After dust removal and cooling, it is discharged from the chimney. Beston Group also provides high-standard customized exhaust gas treatment systems, which can meet EU emission standards.

Beston Biochar Production Equipment for Sale

In order to meet the different requirements of customers, Beston Group provides biochar equipment for sale with various working methods and capacities. Here are more parameters for your reference.

Skid-Mounted Type

Model: BST-05Pro

Skid-mounted design, occupies less space;
Convenient for transportation, save cost on shipping;
3-5 days to finish the installation.

Batch Type

Model: BST-J12/BST-J18/BST-J40

Lower machine price, reduce overall cost;
No need crusher and dryer, reduce processing costs;
Small-scale production, reduces energy consumption

Fully Continuous Type

Model: BST-10/BST-30/BST-50

24 hours working continuously;
Large capacity, high-volume charcoal production;
PLC automated control, reduces labor costs;

ModelBST-J12BST-J18BST-J40BST-05 Pro (skid-mounted)BST-10BST-30BST-50
Input Capacity12m³/batch18m³/batch40m³/batch0.3-0.5m³/h2-4m³/h7-9m³/h10-15m³/h
Reactor Sizeφ1900mm*L4500mmφ1900mm*L6600mmφ2800mm*L7100mmφ830mm*L5500mmφ1300mm*L14051mmφ1700mm*L14180mmφ2000mm*L14260mm
Land for Equipment (L*W*H, Standard Configuration)9m*6m*6m12m*6m*7m15m*18m*7m10m*8m*3.9m29m*15m*5m30m*15m*8m35m*18m*9m
Weight (Standard Configuration)18T22T34T15T32T35T49T
Energy Consumption (Standard Configuration)11kw/h13.5kw/h25kw/h31kw/h34.7kw/h61.5kw/h116kw/h
Working MethodBatchFully continuous
Feeding Requirement/Size: ≤20mm; moisture: ≤15%; strong liquidity
StructureHorizontal rotationDouble barrel single hearthDouble barrel double hearth
Control MethodControl by buttonsPLC control
Reactor MaterialQ245RQ245+310S
PressureMicro negative pressure
Heating MaterialDiesel, natural gas, heavy oil, biomas, etc.
Heating MethodDirect heating
Noise (dB)≤80
CondenserCirculating water cooling
Rotation MethodExternal gear rotation

Profits Analysis of Biochar Production Equipment

When discussing the profitability of biochar production units, we are not only pursuing economic benefits but also looking for a sustainable solution. Through an in-depth analysis of the ROI profit analysis table below, we will reveal how biochar pyrolysis equipment can achieve considerable benefits in both economic and environmental aspects.

Analysis of BST-30 Coconut Shell Charcoal Making Machine
MaterialCoconut Shell24MT/DayRMB280/MT/
FuelNatural Gas200M³/DayRMB1.15/M³/
Labor6 Person1 DayRMB80/person/day/
Charcoal30% Yield8MTRMB2300/ton/
Daily Input
ItemsUnitConsumptionUnit priceTotal
Coconut ShellTon24RMB280RMB6,720
Natural Gas200RMB1.15RMB230
Other Expensesday1RMB21.00RMB21.00
Daily Output
ItemsUnitQuantityUnit priceTotal
Daily Profits
Output - InputRMB10,796.80
Month Profits (25 working days)RMB269,920
Annual (10 Months)RMB2,699,200

Global Cases of Biochar Production Project

Beston Group Co., Ltd. has rich experience in manufacturing and exporting biochar equipment to many countries. Beston Group has garnered high satisfaction from our cooperating customers for our products and services. Additionally, we remain dedicated to ensuring the long-term success of our clients. Here are some successful cases for your reference.

Start Your Biochar Production Business

Investing in biochar production equipment can be a rewarding venture. It combines environmental sustainability with economic opportunities. If you want to earn a good income through biochar production machines, welcome to consult Beston Group to get the most suitable solution for you!

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